The New Model
The New Model of ancient India that has emerged from the collapse of the Aryan invasion
theory is that of an indigenous development of civilization in ancient India from the
Mehrgarh site of 6500 BC. The people in this tradition are the same basic ethnic groups as
in India today, with their same basic types of languages Indo-European and Dravidian.
There is a progressive process of the domestication of animals, particularly cattle, the
development of agriculture, beginning with barley and then later wheat and rice, and the
use of metal, beginning with copper and culminating in iron, along with the development
villages and towns. Later Harappan (Sarasvati) civilization 3100-1900 BC shows massive
cities, complex agriculture and metallurgy, sophistication of arts and crafts, and
precision in weights and measures. This Sarasvati civilization was a center of trading and
for the diffusion of civilization throughout south and west Asia, which often dominated
the Mesopotamian region.
Post-Harappan civilization 1900-1000 BC shows the abandonment of the Harappan towns owing
to ecological and river changes but without a real break in the continuity of the culture.
There is a decentralization and relocation in which the same basic agricultural and
artistic traditions continue, along with a few significant urban sites like Dwaraka. This
gradually develops into the Gangetic civilization of the first millennium BC, which is the
classical civilization of ancient India, which retains its memory of its oRigin in the
Sarasvati region through the Vedas.
The layers of Vedic literature fit in perfectly well with this sequence:
1. 6500-3100 BC, Pre-Harappan, early Rig Vedic
2. 3100-1900 BC, Mature Harappan 3100-1900, period of the Four Vedas
3. 1900-1000 BC, Late Harappan, late Vedic and Brahmana period
The sequence of development in the literature does not parallel a migration into India but
the historical development of civilization in India from the Sarasvati to the Ganges.